Slovak Afghan Partnership in Renewable Energy
Afghanistan represents a great potential for energy and renewable sources. Historically, most of the electrical energy in Afghanistan is produced from hydroelectric power plants (over 54%) and remaining part comes from the heat sources (mainly coal and natural gas). Afghanistan currently produces 600 MW of hydroelectric power itself. The demand for electricity is rising steadily and it is estimated that Afghanistan will require up to 3,000 MW of electricity in 2020 for its own use only. There are security risks, but the country is starting to invest more in telecom infrastructure but mainly in energy projects and agricultural development. In spite of the progress made by the country over the last few years, in terms of energy security for the population of more than 30 million people, it is still at the bottom of the table compared to developed countries. According to the World Bank, only a quarter of the population has the access to a regular power supply. Afghanistan, with its 300 solar days in the year (3,000 hours of sunshine) and average radiation of 6.5kWh/m2, creates ideal conditions for the implementation of solar solutions.
The goal of this project is to present solar solutions that are reliable, affordable and especially fast solutions to the lack of electricity, mainly in the more remote parts of the country, and the establishment of partnerships that the company could use to implement other projects. In cooperation with the Export-Import Bank of the Slovak Republic (EXIMBANKA SR), which provides tied business assistance to low-income countries, we can offer solutions of high quality and efficiency under very favorable financial conditions.
The country is currently using a large amount of oil to generate electrical energy, which can be greatly reduced by installing MW-sized solar power plants in various provinces of Afghanistan. Solar systems should provide electricity for the public sector (schools, hospitals, clinics, small farms, …).
Afghanistan – Annual Flat Plate Tilted at Latitude
Source: National Renewable Energy Laboratory
Author: Donna Heimiller
Solar energy in Afghanistan
Priority assistance sector
The production of electric or thermal energy from the sun is one of the ways of developing energy resources in modern countries with a focus on the sustainability of our planet.
Public administration (ministries and government offices, hospitals, airports, banks, …) is a major consumer of both electrical and thermal energy. It is also necessary to look for new energy sources to cover the energy demands. The SAPREN program is aimed at supporting the construction of new energy sources for the public administration sector.
Photovoltaic power plants and solar thermal sources contribute today to the sustainability of our planet’s resources. The construction of new solar energy sources requires not only professional knowledge, but also high quality equipment, responsible and reliable services. The payoff is consequently the pure energy, which can be used for long-term supply of individual use and thus continues to develop the economy of the country.
The aim of the program is to mobilize financial resources to strengthen development activities in the area of implementing and building the renewable energy sources in the country, to create new partnerships with local business entities, with emphasis on building sustainable partners’ capacities in the country.